Florida construction litigation documents for filing a defamation complaint.

Slander vs. Libel: How Defamation Plays Out in Construction Disputes

Florida construction projects involve the complex interplay of contracts and deadlines. Disputes can threaten the progress of even the most well-planned developments. Add in claims of defamation, and an already tense situation can become explosive.

The construction industry is not immune to the corrosive impact of false statements. The digital age, where information spreads rapidly and often unchecked, can intensify the situation. Florida construction litigation sometimes includes claims of libel or defamation.

Knowing how to determine if something is defamation and how to handle it when it occurs is important. In this article, you can learn:

  • What is defamation in construction disputes?
  • What’s the difference between slander and libel?
  • Why is defamation relevant in construction disputes?
  • How does slander impact construction disputes?
  • What are the legal implications of defamation in construction?
  • How can construction professionals protect against defamation claims?

What is defamation in construction disputes?

Defamation in construction disputes refers to making false or damaging statements that harm the reputation, credibility, or professional standing of individuals, companies, or entities within the construction industry. To be actionable defamation, the statement must relate to a fact, as opinions are not actionable.1 

These untrue assertions can take the form of spoken words (slander) and written or published content (libel).

In construction, defamation can happen in several ways:

  •  False accusations. Claims of poor workmanship, unethical conduct, or subpar performance not based in fact are considered defamatory.
  • Negative reviews and public statements. Using social media or online review platforms to create false reviews that place construction professionals in a negative light can be deemed defamation if they contain false information.
  • Unfounded claims of safety violations. False claims of safety violations or negligence on construction sites can tarnish the reputation of the companies and individuals involved.
  • Accusations of fraud or mismanagement. Alleging financial improprieties or mismanagement, when unfounded, is considered defamatory.

Defamation in construction disputes can lead to a range of adverse consequences. Damage to professional relationships, financial losses, and even legal action are among the most common.

Construction professionals must be aware of defamation laws and take measures to protect their reputations by addressing any false statements that arise during disputes.

What’s the difference between slander and libel?

Slander2 and libel3 are both forms of defamation in Florida construction litigation. The primary difference between them lies in the medium through which defamatory statements are conveyed.

Slander refers to spoken defamation. It involves making false and damaging statements orally, such as through conversation, speeches, radio broadcasts, or in-person discussions. It’s challenging to prove slander because of its transitory nature. Most often it ends up in a “he said, she said” scenario without concrete evidence to back up the claims.

Libel is easier to prove because it involves making false or damaging statements in a written format, such as in newspaper articles, online publications, social media posts, and signs or billboards.

In both slander and libel, the aggrieved party must prove the claims are false and cause harm to their personal reputation or business.

Why is defamation relevant in construction disputes?

Engaging in defamation not only hurts the construction professional targeted by the allegations. It also shines a negative light on the person lobbing those accusations.

Legally defamatory statements are false, injurious, unprivileged, and published to a third party. The burden of proof falls on the party filing the complaint. However, that doesn’t mean it’s impossible to validate a defamation claim with an experienced attorney on the case.

Defamation is relevant in construction disputes in Florida for several reasons.

Reputation and business impact

One of the biggest negative impacts of defamation is the effect it has on a construction professional’s reputation. In construction disputes, reputation is crucial.

A false statement, whether made orally, in writing, or online, can harm the reputation of a construction company, contractor, subcontractor, or individual involved in the project.

Damage to reputation can impact the ability to secure future contracts and work.

Competitive bidding

Once a company’s reputation is tainted by false accusations, it can destroy the ability to find future work.

Defamation can influence a company’s ability to competitively bid for projects. A company with a damaged reputation may not be as likely to win contracts, causing financial harm.

Defamatory statements about work quality

In some Florida construction litigation cases, one party may make false statements about the quality of work provided by another party involved in the construction project.

If these statements prove untrue and harm the other construction professional’s reputation, it can lead to a defamation claim.

False claims regarding professional conduct

False accusations about how another construction company, consultant, or individual conducts themselves on the job can lead to defamation claims.

Allegations about unethical4 or unprofessional behavior on the job can hurt a construction professional’s ability to secure work moving forward. Furthermore, if the assertions claim illegal activity, it can further damage the injured party’s reputation.

How does slander impact construction disputes?

Slanderous statements made orally about a construction company, contractor, or other individual can cause just as much damage as libel (written form of defamation).

Whether written or verbal, making false statements about another construction professional can harm their reputation and affect their ability to secure contracts.

Slander also impacts construction disputes in several ways:

  • It can escalate the dispute. Slanderous statements can escalate the tension and adversarial nature of a construction disagreement. When parties engage in name-calling or making false oral statements, it can make it more challenging to reach an amicable solution.
  •  It can encourage a counterclaim. If one party in a construction dispute believes it was slandered, it can file a counterclaim for defamation. This can further complicate the disagreement and extend the legal process.
  • It can be used in legal proceedings. Slanderous statements may become evidence in Florida construction litigation cases. The party making the claims may be asked to provide evidence to support their statements. If they cannot, a court may issue injunctive relief to stop the slander. The injured party also may file a defamation lawsuit.
  • It can impact business relationships. Slander strains business relationships, causing distrust and making it more difficult for the parties to collaborate on current and future projects.

What are the legal implications of defamation in construction?

Defamation in the context of Florida construction can have significant legal implications for the parties involved. Defamation refers to making false statements, whether in spoken (slander) or written (libel) form.

Harming another construction professional’s reputation can lead to the following legal ramifications:

  • Civil lawsuits. Defamatory statements can lead to civil defamation lawsuits.5 If one party believes they are the victim of false allegations, it can seek legal remedies through a civil lawsuit. Defendants in defamation cases can be held liable for damages, including compensatory and punitive damages, if the court rules in favor of the injured party.
  • Injunctions. In addition to monetary damages, a court may issue an injunction to stop the dissemination of false information to prevent further harm to the plaintiff’s reputation.
  • Legal costs. Defamation lawsuits can be costly in terms of legal fees and court expenses. Parties should consider the potential financial implications when deciding whether to pursue or defend against a defamation claim. Defendants found guilty of defamation can end up being required to pay the legal fees of the victim they defamed.

How can construction professionals protect against defamation claims?

Construction professionals can take several steps to protect themselves and their businesses against defamation claims. Defamation claims can have serious legal and financial implications. It’s essential to be proactive in mitigating the risk.

The best defense against defamation claims is to conduct business with honesty and integrity. Avoid making false statements about competitors, clients, or others in the Florida construction industry.

Here are some other recommended strategies to avoid defamation accusations:

  • Document all communications. Keep records of written and verbal communication related to construction projects. Emails, contracts, change orders, and any other documents that provide a clear record of the facts and agreements can prove beneficial in a defamation case.
  • Stick to the facts. When discussing the work or performance of other construction professionals, avoid making false statements, exaggerations, or unfounded allegations. Avoid presenting opinions as facts.
  • Public statements. Be cautious about what you say in public forums, including on social media. False or damaging statements can form the basis for defamation.
  • Insurance coverage. Consider obtaining insurance coverage6 that includes defamation claims. Some professional liability insurance policies may cover claims related to defamation in Florida construction litigation.
  • Training and education. Educate employees and staff about the importance of ethical communications and the potential consequences of making false statements.

Avoid defamation to prevent Florida construction litigation

It’s important to be proactive in preventing defamation claims in Florida construction litigation. They can harm your reputation and lead to costly legal proceedings.

By adhering to ethical communication practices, maintaining professionalism, and having proper documentation in place, construction professionals can reduce the likelihood of being involved in defamation disputes.



  1.     Defamation. law.cornell.edu. Accessed October 23, 2023.
  2.     Slander. dictionary.law.com. Accessed October 23, 2023.
  3.     What is libel? freedomforum.org. Accessed October 23, 2023.
  4.     Code of Ethics. abcflgulf.org. Accessed October 23, 2023.
  5.     David Co. v. Jim W. Miller Construction, Inc. lsd.law. Accessed October 23, 2023.
  6.     Defamation Insurance for Businesses – Explained. landesblosch.com. Accessed October 23, 2023. 
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